• Nouns

    A noun is a word for a person, place, or thing. Everything we can see or talk about is represented by a word that names it. That "naming" word is called a noun.

    Often a noun will be the name for something we can touch (e.g., lioncakecomputer), but sometimes a noun will be the name for something we cannot touch (e.g., braverymilejoy).

    Everything is represented by a word that lets us talk about it. This includes people (e.g., manscientist), animals (e.g., doglizard), places (e.g., townstreet), objects (e.g., vasepencil), substances (e.g., copperglass), qualities (e.g., heroismsorrow), actions (e.g., swimmingdancing), and measures (e.g., inchounce).

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  • Adjectives

    Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns. (Oldgreen, and cheerful are examples of adjectives.)

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  • Quotation Marks

    Quotation marks (or speech marks as they're also called) are used:

    • To show the exact words spoken or written.
    • For the names of things like ships, books, and plays.
    • To express the idea of alleged or so-called.
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  • Subordination Conjunctions

    Subordinating conjunctions join subordinate clauses to main clauses. Common examples are althoughbecauseifsinceunlessuntil, and while.

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  • Coordinating Conjunctions

    Coordinating conjunctions join like with like (i.e., they join a noun with another noun, an adjective with another adjective, etc.). The most common ones are andbut, and or. There are seven in total: forandnorbutoryet, and so. (You can remember them using the mnemonic F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.)

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  • Commas

    A comma (,) is a punctuation mark used to mark the divisions in text (as may be caused by phrasesclauses, or conjunctions). Commas are also used in lists to separate list items and in numbers to aid reading.

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  • Capital Letters

    Start every new sentence with a capital letter.

    Document titles are typically written in uppercase or title case

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